Join CafeMom Today! Autism Spectrum Disorder: Treatments: Shaping and Chaining

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Sunday, October 19, 2008

Shaping and Chaining

Shaping and Chaining

Shaping and Chaining
is a method of discrete trial training where the teacher does not wait for the child to actually complete the whole desired behavior. If the child partially completes the behavior or makes a move or effort towards the desired behavior, the child is rewarded. Chaining is putting the small subparts together to obtain the desired behavior. Shaping and chaining is often used with severely autistic children.

While DTT is based upon principles of learning theory and has been demonstrated to be an effective intervention methodology, it represents only one of dozens of teaching strategies within the field of ABA. ABA methods of teaching can be used with PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System), photo activity schedules, naturalistic learning, pivotal response, chaining and shaping, graduated guidance, and functional communication training.

Excerpted from Dave Sherman's book, Autism: Asserting Your Child's Rights to a Special Education

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